Forestry

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Forestry Header

Humans rely on the biodiversity of forests for many services, including timber for homes, wood pulp for paper, biochemical models for future medications, recreation, aesthetic beauty, and countless others. A good understanding of plant biology, forest ecology, and human impacts to these ecosystems will help to inform good management practices to conserve these areas for future generations.

Forestry Learning Objectives

Resources

Virtual Workshops

  • Feb 18 –  Tree Physiology and Tree Identification
  • Feb 23 – Forest Management
  • March 30 – Forest Measurements
  • April 20 – Forest Health

See full schedule

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

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Forestry in New Brunswick

Knowledge of the importance of forestry in New Brunswick and how this resource is managed.

  • History of forestry in New Brunswick
  • Land tenures
  • New Brunswick by the numbers
  • Forest Management legislation and regulations
  • Forest certification
  • Duty to consult with Aboriginal Peoples

Forestry in Canada

Understand the value of Canada’s forests to Canadians

Canada's Forests by the numbers - NR Canada1024_1

  • Canada’s forests by the numbers
  • Forest land ownership in Canada
  • How much has Canada’s forests changed over the years?
  • Is timber being harvested sustainably?

Tree Physiology and Tree Identification 

 

Workshop 2021 - Tree ID Feb 18

Forestry Workshop Poster Feb 18337946

Know the parts and tissues of a tree, and be able to explain how a tree grows

  • Parts of a tree
  • Parts of a twig
  • Leaf structure and function
  • Dendrochronology

Understand the processes of photosynthesis and respiration

  • Photosynthesis

Identify common tree species without a key, and identify specific or unusual trees using a key. Know characteristics of the principle tree species in New Brunswick (shade tolerance, longevity, preferred habitat, and common uses and products)

  • Softwood key for Acadian forest species
  • Hardwood key for Acadian forest species
  • Tree Identification

Forest Ecology

Know the typical crown classes

  • Crown classes

Knowledge of Forest Regions of Canada, particularly the Acadian Forest Region and the Boreal Forest Region.

  • Forest Regions of Canada

Understand forest ecology concepts and factors affecting them, including the relationship between soil and forest types, tree communities, regeneration, competition, and primary and secondary succession.

  • Forest succession
  • Shade tolerance
  • Forest soils
  • Forest fires
  • Ecosystem services
  • Forests and earth’s carbon balance


Forest Management

Forestry Workshop 2021 - Management (1)

Understand the various sivicultural treatments associated with reforestation, stand improvement, stand regeneration, and harvesting

  • Even-aged harvesting systems
  • Uneven-aged harvesting systems
  • Reforestation
  • Pre-commercial thinning
  • Commercial thinning

Understand the principles of annual allowable cut and stumpage as it relates to sustainable forest management

  • Sustainable forest management
  • Annual allowable cut
  • Stumpage

Knowledge of non-timber products that our forest provide

  • Non-timber forest products (NTFPs)

Forest Measurements

Forestry Workshop 2021 - Measurements (2)

Be able to recognize some basic features on aerial photographs and know how to measure and determine distances and area on aerial photographs.

  • Aerial photographs

Know how to use forestry tools and equipment in to measure tree age, diameter, and height.

  • Tree measurements

Know how to use forestry tools and equipment to measure stand basal area, density, and stocking

  • Stand measurements

Knowledge of LiDAR technology and how it is used in enhanced forest inventory in New Brunswick

  • LiDAR

Forest Health

Forestry Workshop 2021 - Health

Identify the abiotic and biotic factors in a forest ecosystem, and understand how these factors affect tree growth and forest development. Consider factors such as climate, insects, microorganisms, and wildlife

  • Biodiversity
  • Native insects and diseases
  • Invasive species

Climate Change and Canada’s Forests

Knowledge of the impacts of climate change on Canada’s forests

  • Canada’s forests in a changing climate
  • How our forest could look in the future
  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation