Humans rely on the biodiversity of forests for many services, including timber for homes, wood pulp for paper, biochemical models for future medications, recreation, aesthetic beauty, and countless others. A good understanding of plant biology, forest ecology, and human impacts to these ecosystems will help to inform good management practices to conserve these areas for future generations.
Forestry Learning Objectives
- Feb 18 – Tree Physiology and Tree Identification
- Feb 23 – Forest Management
- March 30 – Forest Measurements
- April 20 – Forest Health
Forestry in New Brunswick
Knowledge of the importance of forestry in New Brunswick and how this resource is managed.
- History of forestry in New Brunswick
- Land tenures
- New Brunswick by the numbers
- Forest Management legislation and regulations
- Forest certification
- Duty to consult with Aboriginal Peoples
Forestry in Canada
Understand the value of Canada’s forests to Canadians
- Canada’s forests by the numbers
- Forest land ownership in Canada
- How much has Canada’s forests changed over the years?
- Is timber being harvested sustainably?
Tree Physiology and Tree Identification
Know the parts and tissues of a tree, and be able to explain how a tree grows
- Parts of a tree
- Parts of a twig
- Leaf structure and function
Understand the processes of photosynthesis and respiration
Identify common tree species without a key, and identify specific or unusual trees using a key. Know characteristics of the principle tree species in New Brunswick (shade tolerance, longevity, preferred habitat, and common uses and products)
- Softwood key for Acadian forest species
- Hardwood key for Acadian forest species
- Tree Identification
Know the typical crown classes
- Crown classes
Knowledge of Forest Regions of Canada, particularly the Acadian Forest Region and the Boreal Forest Region.
- Forest Regions of Canada
Understand forest ecology concepts and factors affecting them, including the relationship between soil and forest types, tree communities, regeneration, competition, and primary and secondary succession.
- Forest succession
- Shade tolerance
- Forest soils
- Forest fires
- Ecosystem services
- Forests and earth’s carbon balance
Understand the various sivicultural treatments associated with reforestation, stand improvement, stand regeneration, and harvesting
- Even-aged harvesting systems
- Uneven-aged harvesting systems
- Pre-commercial thinning
- Commercial thinning
Understand the principles of annual allowable cut and stumpage as it relates to sustainable forest management
- Sustainable forest management
- Annual allowable cut
Knowledge of non-timber products that our forest provide
- Non-timber forest products (NTFPs)
Be able to recognize some basic features on aerial photographs and know how to measure and determine distances and area on aerial photographs.
- Aerial photographs
Know how to use forestry tools and equipment in to measure tree age, diameter, and height.
- Tree measurements
Know how to use forestry tools and equipment to measure stand basal area, density, and stocking
- Stand measurements
Knowledge of LiDAR technology and how it is used in enhanced forest inventory in New Brunswick
Identify the abiotic and biotic factors in a forest ecosystem, and understand how these factors affect tree growth and forest development. Consider factors such as climate, insects, microorganisms, and wildlife
- Native insects and diseases
- Invasive species
Climate Change and Canada’s Forests
Knowledge of the impacts of climate change on Canada’s forests
- Canada’s forests in a changing climate
- How our forest could look in the future